Citrullus lanatus (egusi melon) is the biological ancestor of the watermelon now found all over the world, but originated from West Africa . Egusi melon is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family. Unlike the common watermelon, whose flesh is sweet and red, the egusi melon's juicy flesh is pale yellow or green, and also tastes bitter. A creeping annual herb, the egusi melon has hairy stems, forked tendrils and three-lobed hairy leaves.
Mbika (also known Agushi or Egusi) contains vitamin C and B2, minerals, riboflavin, fat, carbohydrates and protein.